“Biodiversity” is the term used to designate the wide variety of life forms on Earth and the natural diversity of which it is composed. The biological diversity that we observe today is the result of billions of years of evolution, created by natural processes and now, more and more, by the activities of the human race. This diversity forms the vital network of which we are an integral part and on which we depend.
The protection of biological diversity is necessarily a subject of our interest. Biological resources are the pillars that sustain civilizations. The products of Nature serve as the base for industries as diverse as agriculture, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, the pulp and paper industries, horticulture, the construction industry and the treatment of waste. The loss of this biological diversity threatens our food supply, our availability of recreation and tourism, and our sources of lumber, medications and energy. It will also affect the essential ecological functions.
The biological diversity crisis is, to a large extent, the result of human activity and it represents a serious threat to human development. Despite the renewed efforts of the past twenty years, the loss of biological diversity as a consequence of the destruction of natural habitats, intensive agriculture or contamination, has followed its inexorable course. Actions must be taken to save what remains.
As a part of our commitment, we must control the impacts generated by each company through their activities and operations. We can do this with the programs for monitoring flora and fauna, the restoration of soil, including the production of plants, as well as with alliances with government institutions to participate in the conservation of species and habitats in Mexico, and by awakening the awareness and desire of groups and of personnel to take care of our planet.
The installation and operation of the “Samalayuca-Sásabe” gas pipeline in Sonora and Chihuahua is adjacent to the ANP Biosphere Reserve of Janos, which is the habitat of the only wild herd of bison in Mexico and adjacent to the Ramsar Ecosystem of Ajos-Bavispe, which is representational of the rivers, creeks and marshes of the region and the only wetlands at the end of the Chihuahua Desert and the Sierra Madre Occidental, providing refuge, food and a resting place for aquatic birds. In the construction of the said gas pipeline, heavy machinery and equipment will be used for the clearing and ground excavation activities, which will be across a stretch of terrain approximately 630 kilometers long and 25 meters wide. 10 meters will be for permanent use and 15 meters will be for temporary use.